Contenuti

Research Strategy and Assessment in Germany

5th December 2016.  
Stefan Hornbostel, Deutsches Zentrum für Hochschul- und Wissenschaftsforschung (DZHW) and Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 

Venue and time: College lecture theatre, 5.00 pm. The poster of the seminar can be downloaded here. The seminar will be streamed at: http://smarturl.it/CollegioVoltaStream

Introduction
Over the last two and half centuries research has transformed from the endeavour of a few and wealthy gentlemen to a resource intensive and institutionalised enterprise, largely sustained by tax payer money. This seminar series contrasts different procedures of research assessment in use in several European countries in the search for new or improved methodology. Starting from the mid 1980s, however, several countries have began questioning the return from investment in research and devised procedures for research assessment in the name of accountability. Thirty years on there is broad agreement that research funded by the public ought to be assessed, but little consensus about the methodology to be employed. This seminar series contrasts different procedures of research assessment in use in several European countries in the search for new or improved methodology.

Abstract
The Federal Republic of Germany does not dispose of a single nationwide and uniform system of research assessment procedures, but, according to the variety of its federal states, of a multitude of practices. The German situation therefore differs profoundly from that in other European states, such as the United Kingdom with its Research Excellence Framework (REF). In his talk, Stefan Hornbostel will give an overview of the most relevant procedures in existence in Germany and analyze their embedment in the research system. He will thus shed light on the structure and the financing of the German research system which is characterized by its specific binary organization into research at higher education institutions and research at non-universitarian research institutes. By means of bibliometric analysis he will look at the effects of national funding programs such as the German Excellence Initiative on the research system and place his findings in an international context.

Biographical sketch
Stefan Hornbostel was born in 1955 in Hannover, Germany. He graduated in Social Sciences in 1982 and received his PhD. from Freie Universität Berlin in 1995. He started his career at the Research Centre for Occupational and Higher Education Research, now called International Centre for Research on Higher Education  (INCHER). He worked at the Universities of Cologne and Jena and at the latter he assisted in starting the Department of Sociology. He was a scientific referee at the Centre of Higher Education Development (CHE) before he was appointed to a professorship at the Institute for Sociology at the University of Dortmund. Since 2005, he is a Full Professor at the Department of Social Sciences at the Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. From 2005 to 2015 he served as Director of the Institute for Research Information and Quality Assurance (iFQ) which provided information and analyses of developments and transformations in the German and international science system.  He is currently Director of the area on Research Systems and Science Dynamics at the German Centre for Higher Education Research and Science Studies (DZHW). His broad research interests comprise bibliometrics, evaluation and assessment practices, sociology of elites and science studies.  Stefan Hornbostel has been responsible for several significant studies, among them the Competence Centre for Bibliometrics, funded since 2008 by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, and the Research Core Dataset. He was – amongst others - member of the advisory boards of the Alexander von Humboldt-Foundation, of the Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences (GESIS), of the Foundation board of evalag (Accreditation Agency), different sections of the German Council of Science and Humanities.

Image: German physicist Albert Einstein, arguably the most influential scientist of the 20th century.

 

Evaluation of research in France: the HCERES

28th November 2016.  
Annick Harel-Bellan, Haut Conseil de l’ evaluation de la Recherche et de l’ enseignement superieur (HCERES) and Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) 

Venue, time and poster
: College lecture theatre, 5.00 pm, the poster of the seminar can be downloaded here. Streaming: the seminar will be streamed at: http://smarturl.it/CollegioVoltaStream

Over the last two and half centuries research has transformed from the endeavour of a few and wealthy gentlemen to a resource intensive and institutionalised enterprise, largely sustained by tax payer money. This seminar series contrasts different procedures of research assessment in use in several European countries in the search for new or improved methodology. Starting from the mid 1980s, however, several countries have began questioning the return from investment in research and devised procedures for research assessment in the name of accountability. Thirty years on there is broad agreement that research funded by the public ought to be assessed, but little consensus about the methodology to be employed. This seminar series contrasts different procedures of research assessment in use in several European countries in the search for new or improved methodology.

Abstract
France established a single Agency in charge of Research Asssessment (Agence d'évaluation de la recherche et de l'enseignement, supérieur, AERES) in 2007 with the view to rationalise and harmonise the evaluation of Higher Educational Institutions, notably Universities and publicly funded Research Institution. In the years 2007-2013 AERES has conducted 7 evaluation campaigns involving the bulk of French Universities and Research Institutes at a total cost of € 76.6 millions. In 2013 the French government instituted a new body: the Haut Conseil de l’évaluation de la recherche et de l’enseignement supérieur (HCERES) to replace AERES. The new Agency has published a strategy document highlighting the goals for the years 2016-2020 and is actively engaged in evaluating the work of French HIgher Educations Institutions qith the support of 110 full time administrators, 115 scientists working part time for the Agency and calling upon the serveices of 4,000 experts.  The lecture will discuss the methodology of Research Assessment in France including the relative roles of peer-review and metrics, the major differences between the approaches adopetd by AERES and HCERES and the impact that the Research Assessment procedure has had - or will have - on the allocation of financial resourves to individual Universities or Research Institutions.

Biographical sketch
Annick Harel-Bellan is currently a research director at the CNRS. She obtained a PhD in Immunology from the Université Paris 7 (1986) in the laboratory of Jean Dausset (Hôpital Saint-Louis, Paris France, Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine, 1980). She spent a few months at EMBL (Heidelberg, Germany, lab of Kathryn Howell and Daniel Louvard, 1981), and two years in the laboratory of Bill Farrar (NCI, Frederick, MD, USA, 1986-1988). She is currently in the SBIGEM at the CEA Saclay. Since 1988, Annick-Harel-Bellan is interested in deciphering the mechanisms involved in controlling cell fate, focusing on epigenetic (chromatin modifications and miRNAs) aspects of this control, and  thus linking epigenetics and cancer, notably by demonstrating the role of chromatin modification in the mechanism of action of the tumour suppressor Rb or of miRNAs in the balance between cell differentiation and proliferation.   During the course of these studies, she designed a strategy to inhibit small RNAs that is widely used, based on chemically modified antisense oligonucleotides (LNAs). She is also interested in nuclear RNA interference.  More recently she started to be interested in applying mathematical modelling to biological questions, focussing on the mode of action of miRNAs or on the dynamic of cancer cell populations. In addition to her research interests, Annick Harel-Bellan has a strong interest and major roles in research strategy and research assessment in France.

Image: French scientist Louis Pasteur who made outstanding contributions to the development of the germ theory of disease and modern vaccination.

 

A journey with blood cells and viruses

 13th June 2016.
Robert C Gallo,
The Global Virus Network.

On Monday the 13th of June at 5.00 pm Robert C Gallo will give the 3rd M Fraccaro lecture entitled A journey with blood cells and viruses and the development of the Global Virus Network.  The lecture, co-organised by Collegio A Volta and Collegio Cairoli, be held at Collegio Cairoli (Piazza Cairoli, Pavia). The poster of the lecture can be downloaded here and all members of the College are invited to attend, especially medical students.

Robert C Gallo is currently Scientific Director and Chair of the Global Virus Network, a not-for profit organisation that aims to strengthen medical research and response capability to viral pathogens. He was born in Connecticut from an Italian family and studied at Providence College at the Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia, before joining the  National Cancer Institute, where he became head of the Laboratory of Tumor Cell Biology. He is one of the best known scientists worldwide for his work on interleukin-2, HTLV (the first human retrovirus to be discovered) and HIV.

 

Challenging the Dogmas: Innovation for Global Impact

10th May 2016 
Shiladitya Sengupta, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts Institute of Technology


Shiladitya Sengupta of Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts Institute of Technology will give a second seminar in the College lecture on 10th May 2016 at 5.00 pm on his enduring and highly successful work aimed at developing new therapeutics.  He will demonstrate that academic discoveries can be be developed into effective products (therapeutcs for un met medical needs for example) and will discuss how the numerous obstacles on this path can be successfully overcome.

All College students, especially students of Biology, Biotechnology, Medicine, Business and Economics are sttrongly encouraged to atten. The poster of the seminar can be downloaded here.

Precision Medicine: Beyond Genomics

9th May 2016 
Shiladitya Sengupta, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts Institute of Technology


Shiladitya Sengupta of Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts Institute of Technology will give a seminar in the College lecture on 9th May 2016 at 5.00 pm on his recent contributions to the developmetn of Personalised (Precision) Medicine. Personalised Medicine is attracting a great deal of interest and has recently attracted strong endorsement by the White House and a mjor funding programme.  S Sengupta will argue in his seminar that the successful development of Personalised Medicine will have to extend beyond genomic data and will offer evidence of this concept from his own recent studies.

All College students, especially students of Biology, Biotechnology and Medicine are sttrongly encouraged to atten. The poster of the seminar can be downloaded here.

Protein Chemical Synthesis

4 February 2016.  
Jérôme Vicogne and Oleg Melnyk, CNRS, Université de Lille and Institut Pasteur de Lille

Jérôme Vicogne and Oleg Melnyk, both at the CNRS, Université de Lille and Institut Pasteur de Lille will give a seminar on the 4th of February at  at 4.15 pm in the seminar room of the Unit of Immunology and General Pathology of the Department of Molecular Medicine on new developments in the emerging field of protein chemical synthesis,  The seminar is co-organised by Collegio A Volta. The poster of the seminar can be downloaded here.

Bedside Ultrasound

25th November 2016.  
Carmelo Sgarlata, University of Pavia and Collegio A Volta.

Abstract
The seminar will tackle the applications of diagnostic ultrasound in medicine focusing on the bedside use of ultrasonography to support clinical diagnosis and decision making in several common clinical settings (such as cancer, pleural and abdominal effusions, aneurysms, urinary retention, gallbladder stones, pneumonia, pneumothorax, cardiac failure and many other..). I will offer a short discussion both on US basic principles and instrumentation as well as its practical use in a medical ward. Ultrasound is a low cost, noninvasive, rapidly performed examination that results in reduced test to treatment times increasing diagnostic sensivity and accuracy. Ultrasound is becoming a ubiquitous imaging modality in many hospital systems with potential applications in all medical  and surgical disciplines. All interested students, from College and outside, are welcome to attend.

Abstract (Italian):
Il seminario affronterà le applicazioni dell’ecografia diagnostica in medicina concentrandosi in particolare sull’utilizzo della metodica al letto del malato quale supporto alla diagnosi ed al processo decisione in diverse situazioni cliniche di comune riscontro (quali le patologie neoplastiche, i versamenti pleurici ed addominali, la patologia aneurismatica, la ritenzione urinaria, la calcolosi della colecisti, le polmoniti, lo pneumotorace, l’insufficienza cardiaca e molte altre..). Discuterò brevemente sia i principi generali della metodica ecografica e quindi le applicazioni pratiche che essa trova all’interno di un reparto medico.  L’ecografia è una metodica non invasiva, eseguibile rapidamente e con costi contenuti il cui utilizzo comporta una miglioramento della sensibilità e dell’accuratezza diagnostica riducendo il tempo necessario per instaurare un trattamento appropriato. L’ecografia sta diventando una metodica di diagnostica per immagini ubiquitaria in molti ospedali con potenziali applicazioni in tutte le discipline mediche e chirurgiche. Tutti gli studenti interessati, appartenenti al Collegio o esterni, sono invitati a partecipare.

The slides of the seminar can be downloaded here.

Biographical sketch
I’m a medical doctor and my work is actually focused on diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the area of internal medicine and geriatrics with particular regard to cardiovascular and neurodegenerative disease. I’ve also a great interest in the use of  diagnostic ultrasound in internal medicine. I studied Medicine at Volta as an undergraduate graduating in July 2012 then I remained in residence afterward as a resident in Geriatrics.  I’ve been secretary of the Volta Medical Society throughout the academic year 2013/14.  I’m  author of about 60 scientific publications on national and international journals and speaker at various conferences of national importance.

 

Carmelo Sgarlata

I am a medical doctor and currently a postgraduate medical trainee in Clinical Medicine. my work is actually focused on diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the area of internal medicine and geriatrics with particular regard to cardiovascular and neurodegenerative disease. I’ve also a great interest in the use of  diagnostic ultrasound in internal medicine. I studied Medicine at Volta as an undergraduate graduating in July 2012 then I remained in residence afterward as a resident in Geriatrics.  I’ve been secretary of the Volta Medical Society throughout the academic year 2013/14.  I’m  author of about 60 scientific publications on national and international journals and speaker at various conferences of national importance.


2016/17

Seminars (All Medical Courses)

01. EKG: basic interpretation and clinical correlations. Focus on acute coronary syndromes.  09 June /2016
02. Bedside ultrasound in internal medicine. Acid-base balance: a practical approach to blood gas analysis.  25 November /2016
03. A Practical approach to blood gas analysis: technical execution and interpretation of clinical cases. 16 December 2017
04. Physical examination of the chest.  20 January /2017
05. Approach to adult patients with acute dyspnea: are there any news? Lung sonography.  20 January 2017
06. EKG: basic interpretation.  09 June /2017


 

 

 

Luca Teodori

I am a final year undergraduate in Physics from Urbino and a member of Collegio A Volta since October 2014. I am passionate about the subject I am reading at Pavia and especially interested in the theoretical side of Physics implications. I am accustomed therefore to use Mathematics extensively for my studies and keen to share Maths studies with younger members of the College. My supervisions in Algebra and Geometry are aimed primarily at College undergraduates in the Engineering but are open and will prove valuable to undergraduates in Physics and Maths as well. In them I will cover not only the linear algebra concepts from an abstract, mathematical point of view but visual demonstrations and applicatione. I will also devote an important part of my teaching to practical demonstrations and exercises..


 2016/17

Geometria e Algebra Lineare  (Ing Edile e Architettura, Ing Civile e Ambientale, Ing Elettronica e Informatica, Ing Industriale, Bioingegneria)

01. Generalità su spazi vettoriali, esempi, concetto di linearità, dimensionei
02. Geometria analitica: equazioni parametriche, cartesiane, esercizi
03. Determinanti, rango, teorema di Rouche-Capelli, esercizi
04. Sottospazi, formula di Grassman, somma diretta, esercizi
05. Applicazioni e sistemi lineari, teorema delle dimensioni
06. Cambiamenti di base e matrici associate
07. Il metodo di eliminazione di Gauss
08. Autovettori e autovalori
09. Applicazioni bilineari, congruenza, calcolo della segnatura
10. Teorema spettrale
11. Preparazione allo scritto
12. Preparazione all' orale


 

 

 

Michele Invernici

I am a PhD student in Chemistry at the University of Pavia and work on a research project on molecular receptors and devices from macrocyclic chemistry. I offered supervision in General Chemistry at Collegio Volta in 2015/16 and I am supervising in Organic Chemistry in 2016/17. 


2016/17

Chimica Organica 1 (Chimica, Chimica e Tecnologia Farmaceutica)

01. Introduzione I
02. Introduzione II
03. Risonanza
04. Stereochimica
05. Alcani
06. Sostituzione Nucleofila
07. Composti organometallici
08. Alcheni I
09. Alcheni II
10. Alchini
11. Areni
12. Aldeidi e chetoni


 

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