Contenuti

Bedside Ultrasound

25th November 2016.  
Carmelo Sgarlata, University of Pavia and Collegio A Volta.

Abstract
The seminar will tackle the applications of diagnostic ultrasound in medicine focusing on the bedside use of ultrasonography to support clinical diagnosis and decision making in several common clinical settings (such as cancer, pleural and abdominal effusions, aneurysms, urinary retention, gallbladder stones, pneumonia, pneumothorax, cardiac failure and many other..). I will offer a short discussion both on US basic principles and instrumentation as well as its practical use in a medical ward. Ultrasound is a low cost, noninvasive, rapidly performed examination that results in reduced test to treatment times increasing diagnostic sensivity and accuracy. Ultrasound is becoming a ubiquitous imaging modality in many hospital systems with potential applications in all medical  and surgical disciplines. All interested students, from College and outside, are welcome to attend.

Abstract (Italian):
Il seminario affronterà le applicazioni dell’ecografia diagnostica in medicina concentrandosi in particolare sull’utilizzo della metodica al letto del malato quale supporto alla diagnosi ed al processo decisione in diverse situazioni cliniche di comune riscontro (quali le patologie neoplastiche, i versamenti pleurici ed addominali, la patologia aneurismatica, la ritenzione urinaria, la calcolosi della colecisti, le polmoniti, lo pneumotorace, l’insufficienza cardiaca e molte altre..). Discuterò brevemente sia i principi generali della metodica ecografica e quindi le applicazioni pratiche che essa trova all’interno di un reparto medico.  L’ecografia è una metodica non invasiva, eseguibile rapidamente e con costi contenuti il cui utilizzo comporta una miglioramento della sensibilità e dell’accuratezza diagnostica riducendo il tempo necessario per instaurare un trattamento appropriato. L’ecografia sta diventando una metodica di diagnostica per immagini ubiquitaria in molti ospedali con potenziali applicazioni in tutte le discipline mediche e chirurgiche. Tutti gli studenti interessati, appartenenti al Collegio o esterni, sono invitati a partecipare.

The slides of the seminar can be downloaded here.

Biographical sketch
I’m a medical doctor and my work is actually focused on diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the area of internal medicine and geriatrics with particular regard to cardiovascular and neurodegenerative disease. I’ve also a great interest in the use of  diagnostic ultrasound in internal medicine. I studied Medicine at Volta as an undergraduate graduating in July 2012 then I remained in residence afterward as a resident in Geriatrics.  I’ve been secretary of the Volta Medical Society throughout the academic year 2013/14.  I’m  author of about 60 scientific publications on national and international journals and speaker at various conferences of national importance.

 

Carmelo Sgarlata

I am a medical doctor and currently a postgraduate medical trainee in Clinical Medicine. my work is actually focused on diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the area of internal medicine and geriatrics with particular regard to cardiovascular and neurodegenerative disease. I’ve also a great interest in the use of  diagnostic ultrasound in internal medicine. I studied Medicine at Volta as an undergraduate graduating in July 2012 then I remained in residence afterward as a resident in Geriatrics.  I’ve been secretary of the Volta Medical Society throughout the academic year 2013/14.  I’m  author of about 60 scientific publications on national and international journals and speaker at various conferences of national importance.


2016/17

Seminars (All Medical Courses)

01. EKG: basic interpretation and clinical correlations. Focus on acute coronary syndromes.  09 June /2016
02. Bedside ultrasound in internal medicine. Acid-base balance: a practical approach to blood gas analysis.  25 November /2016
03. A Practical approach to blood gas analysis: technical execution and interpretation of clinical cases. 16 December 2017
04. Physical examination of the chest.  20 January /2017
05. Approach to adult patients with acute dyspnea: are there any news? Lung sonography.  20 January 2017
06. EKG: basic interpretation.  09 June /2017


 

 

 

Luca Teodori

I am a final year undergraduate in Physics from Urbino and a member of Collegio A Volta since October 2014. I am passionate about the subject I am reading at Pavia and especially interested in the theoretical side of Physics implications. I am accustomed therefore to use Mathematics extensively for my studies and keen to share Maths studies with younger members of the College. My supervisions in Algebra and Geometry are aimed primarily at College undergraduates in the Engineering but are open and will prove valuable to undergraduates in Physics and Maths as well. In them I will cover not only the linear algebra concepts from an abstract, mathematical point of view but visual demonstrations and applicatione. I will also devote an important part of my teaching to practical demonstrations and exercises..


 2016/17

Geometria e Algebra Lineare  (Ing Edile e Architettura, Ing Civile e Ambientale, Ing Elettronica e Informatica, Ing Industriale, Bioingegneria)

01. Generalità su spazi vettoriali, esempi, concetto di linearità, dimensionei
02. Geometria analitica: equazioni parametriche, cartesiane, esercizi
03. Determinanti, rango, teorema di Rouche-Capelli, esercizi
04. Sottospazi, formula di Grassman, somma diretta, esercizi
05. Applicazioni e sistemi lineari, teorema delle dimensioni
06. Cambiamenti di base e matrici associate
07. Il metodo di eliminazione di Gauss
08. Autovettori e autovalori
09. Applicazioni bilineari, congruenza, calcolo della segnatura
10. Teorema spettrale
11. Preparazione allo scritto
12. Preparazione all' orale


 

 

 

Michele Invernici

I am a PhD student in Chemistry at the University of Pavia and work on a research project on molecular receptors and devices from macrocyclic chemistry. I offered supervision in General Chemistry at Collegio Volta in 2015/16 and I am supervising in Organic Chemistry in 2016/17. 


2016/17

Chimica Organica 1 (Chimica, Chimica e Tecnologia Farmaceutica)

01. Introduzione I
02. Introduzione II
03. Risonanza
04. Stereochimica
05. Alcani
06. Sostituzione Nucleofila
07. Composti organometallici
08. Alcheni I
09. Alcheni II
10. Alchini
11. Areni
12. Aldeidi e chetoni


 

Rosalia Cacciatore

I have an MSc degree in Experimental and Applied Biology and a BA degree in Biology both from the University of Pavia. I am currently training in the laboratory of Immunogenetics at San Matteo Hospital in Pavia and expect to enrol in the postgraduate school in Clinical Pathology and Biochemistry. I have offered College supervisions in Biochemistry for students of the Biology, Biotechnology and Bioengineering for the last two years. With my supervisions I aim enable students of Biology, Biotechnoogy and Bioengineering to achieve an in depth understanding of the subject of Biochemistry, help them solving practical problems and generally assist their academic progress through examinations. A more detailed list of supervision is available here. The list of main topics is below and each line is a link to a brief supervision synopsis/handout.


2016/17

Biochmica (Scienze Biologiche, Biotecnologie)

01. Aminoacidi e proteine: il legame peptidico, metodi di studio dei peptidi e delle proteine
02. L'organizzazione chimica della materia vivente: cardoidrati, lipidi
03. Proteine di trasporto dell'ossigeno: emoglobina e mioglobina
04. Gli enzimi: meccanismi catalitici, cinetica enzimatica, strategie di regolazione
05  Il metabolismo energetico: ciclo dell’acido citrico
06. Catena respiratoria e fosforilazione ossidativa
07. Metabolismo glucidico: la glicolisi
08. Gluconeogenesi
09. Metabolismo glicogeno
10. Shunt dei pentosi
11. Metabolismo lipidico: la beta-ossidazione e la biosintesi degli acidi grassi
12. Metabolismo delle proteine: transaminazione degli aminoacidi e sintesi dell'urea


2017/18

Biochmica (Scienze Biologiche, Biotecnologie)

01. Aminoacidi e lipidi
02. Biosintesi di aminoacidi e nucleotidi
03. Membrane biologiche
04. Carboidrati
05. Proteine e strutture proteiche
06. Mioglobina ed emoglobina
07. Enzimi
08. Metabolismo glucidico e sua regolazione
09. Privato deidrogenasi e ciclo di Krebs
10. Metabolismo lipidico
11. Metabolismo proteico
12. Transaminasi e ciclo dell'urea
13. Attendance


 

Volta Freshers' Society (VFRS)

The Volta Freshers' Society aims to help the new students of Collegio, especially year one undergraduates to find their way in College reaching out to students of higher years and becoming rapidly productive.  The College Master will ask the Fresher's Society to arrange and coordinate at least two meetings in October devoted to the preparation of the study plans due at the end of October and to the personal development plans.  The College Office will offer special help to College Freshers on all house matters from access to College facilities, College payments, etc and College will encourage and support social and sport events promoting the presence and the role of freshers in College clubs, sport teams and study groups..

Secretary of the Volta Freshers' Society:  2016/17 (vacant).  

The intrinsic fragility of DNA

24 March 2016. 
T Lindahl,
F Crick Institute, London.

The sixth Arturo Falaschi lecture will be given by Tomas R Lindahl in the College lecture theatre on the 24th of March at 11.00 am and is entitled: The Intrinsic Fragility of DNA. The lecture is organised on an annual basis by the Institute of Molecular Genetics in Pavia of the Italian National Research Council (CNR) and the sixth one has been co-organised with Collegio A Volta. The poster of the lecture can be downloaded here.

A number of agents in the cell cause continuous damage to DNA: water, reactive oxygen, S-adenosyl- methionine and a number of others. A large genome such the one of our species (3 x 10^9) accumulates each day thousands of DNA base changes due to hydrolysis, oxidation, methylation, etc.  A number of DNA repair systems have evolved in Nature that counteract this remarkable chemical fragility of the genetic material. These include processes such as base excision repair that are now understood to operate as well in somatic hypermutation and diversification of antibody gene.  Distinct pathways of DNA repair operate on bases that have undergone oxidative damage or methylation and these will also be discussed during the lecture as will the implications of inadequate repair for the development of cancer.

Tomas Robert Lindahl is the sixth Arturo Falaschi lecturer.  Born in Sweden on 28 January 1938 T Lindahl studied Medicine at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm. Shortly after his degree, however, T Lindahl shifted to basic research and specifically to the study of DNA stability and repair. Living cells have DNA molecules that carry an organism's genes. For the organism to live and develop, its DNA must remain stable but is not. From the mid 1970s, through studies of bacteria, Tomas Lindahl showed how certain protein molecules, repair enzymes, remove and replace damaged parts of DNA. These discoveries have increased our understanding of how the living cell works, the causes of cancer and aging processes. In  early studies he measured DNA decay, including rates of base loss and cytosine deamination and went on to discover several important DNA repair proteins and determined their mechanisms of action including uracil-DNA glycosylase an enzyme specialised in the repair of specific types of DNA damage and in subsequent studies T Lindahl and his colleagues were able to reconstitute entire DNA repair systems in the test tube. He further led work that resulted in the isolation and characterisation of a number of DNA ligases, including DNA ligases I, III and IV and exonucleases DNase III (TREX1) and IV (FEN1). Finally, he unveiled a special pathway involved in the processing of the mutagenic DNA adduct O6-methylguanine (O6mG) which he showed to be repaired without removal of the guanine from DNA and the unexpected activity of AlkB as an iron-dependent enzyme carrying out oxidative demethylation. T Lindahl was director of the Clare Hall Laboratories of the Imperial Cancer Research Fund (now Cancer Research UK) at South Mimms from 1986 to 2005. He was jointly awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 2015, the Royal Society's Royal Medal in 2007, the Copley Medal in 2010, and the INSERM Prix Etranger in 2009.

 

Silvia Tinelli

 

I am a Civil Engineer having obtained my Bachelor Degree at the University of Parma (Italy) in 2012 with the highest marks and I am currently enrolled in the PhD School of the Faculty of Civil Engineering. Regarding my education, I started my Civil Engineering Degree in September 2006, qualifying as a Civil Engineer (2009) and then specialising in Structural Engineering (2012). Regarding my professional activities, after finishing my degree I left Italy for New York City in order to attend an internship focused on the design of certain buildings, mainly situated in the City. Through this opportunity, I met Professor Ilan Juran, the Executive Director of the Department of Urban Infrastructure Institute at NYU-Poly, who gave me the chance to listen to some lectures related to Urban Engineering. Thereafter, I understood how the main thing for me was to put together my Structural Engineering education with the issues of sustainable development and economic feasibility of the fast growing urban centers. Thus I have started my research investigating the issue of contamination in water systems and water monitoring systems.


2016/17

Analisi Matematica I (Ing Edile e Architettura, Ing Elettronica e Informatica, Ing Industriale, Bioingegneria)

01. Real numbers and bounds I
02. Real numbers and bounds II
03. Functions, Introduction
04. Functions limits I
05. Functions limits II
06. Successions
07. Functions continuity
08. Functions study I
09. Functions study II
10. Derivates
11. Integrals
12. Numerical series
13. Exercises


 

2017/18

Analisi Matematica I (Ing Edile e Architettura, Ing Elettronica e Informatica, Ing Industriale, Bioingegneria)

01-02. Insiemi, numeri reali, massimi, minimi ed estremi, diseguaglianze e valore assoluto
03. Introduzione alle funzioni, funzioni limitate, limiti
04-05. Proprietà dei limiti, limiti notevoli, limiti di funzioni esponenziali e logaritmiche
06. Successioni, limiti di successioni
07. Funzioni continue, proprietà delle funzioni continue, teoremi delle funzioni continue, esempi di funzioni continue
08-09. Infiniti ed infinitesimi, asintoti, punti di massimo e minimo, punti stazionari, monotonia, punti estremi, concavità e convessità, grafico di una funzione
10. Calcolo differenziale, esempi di derivate, derivate n-esime, punti di non derivabilità, calcolo delle derivate, esempi di calcolo delle derivate
11. Calcolo integrale, esempi di calcolo integrale, proprietà dell'integrale, teoremi del calcolo integrale, calcolo delle primitive, esempi di calcolo di primitive
12. Serie numeriche, serie a termini positivi, serie a termini di segno variabile, serie a termini di segno alterno
13. Attendance


Riccardo Paroli

I am a postgraduate student currently enrolled in the MSc Chemistry Course at the Univerrsity of Pavia (year 1).   My Chemistry studies and training started during my pre-University schooling where I studied the basics of organic chemistry, analytical chemistry, physical-chemistry and chemical technology. I completed pre-University Course in July 2013 and enrolled in the Chemistry BA in October 2013. I completed my BA in Chemistry in July 2016 and in October 2016 I started my MSc Course. With my supervisions I aim to help students to deal with a subject that may prove unfamiliar to a number of them, help them master the key concepts and generally support and advise them to ensure that will successfully sit and pass the General and Inorganic Chemistry examination.  A The list of my supervisions is below  (topics and date) and each of them is a link to a brief synopsis/handout.


2016/17

Chimica Generale e Inorganica (Chimica, Fisica, Chimica e Tecnologia Farmaceutica, Farmacia, Science Biologiche, Biotecnologie)

01. Principi della chimica
02. I legami chimici
03. Orbitali molecolari e polarità delle molecole
04. Nomenclatura e reazioni chimiche
05. Reazioni acido-base
06. Reazioni redox
07. Le soluzioni e i gas ideali
08. I composti di coordinazione
09. Gli equilibri chimici e l’acidità
10. Acidi e basi, tamponi e titolazioni
11. Elettrochimica
12. Esercizi di riepilogo di tutto il programma


 

2017/18

Chimica Generale e Inorganica (Chimica, Fisica, Chimica e Tecnologia Farmaceutica, Farmacia, Science Biologiche, Biotecnologie)

01. Principi della chimica
02. I legami chimici
03. Teoria VSEPR
04. Orbitali molecolari e polarità delle molecole
05. Nomenclatura e formule chimiche
06. Reazioni chimiche 1
07. Reazioni chimiche 2
08. Le soluzioni e i gas ideali
09. Gli equilibri chimici
10. Acidi e basi deboli
11. Elettrochimica 1
12. Elettrochimica 2
13. Attendance


 

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